1. Be aware of your skin type and general sensitivity to the sun.

2. Be aware that hats, umbrellas, and light, wet clothing, while of some value, do not offer full protection from the sun.

3. Consider the effects of reflected sunlight-especially from snow, white sand, concrete and, to a lesser extent, water.

4. Remember that clouds and fog filter out only a small amount of the sun's burning rays.

5. Use a sunscreen. See the Formulary and the discussion above. No lotions or creams "speed up" tanning.

6. Talk with your physician or pharmacist if you are uncertain about possible sun sensitivity from medications you are using. Your doctor can tell you about diseases that are worsened by sun exposure or that increase sun sensitivity.

7. Stay out of the noonday (10 a.m. to 2 p.m.) sun, or limit exposure during this period to ten or twenty minutes at first. This is especially important if you are fair-skinned.

8. Remember that the sun causes permanent, degenerative changes in the skin.


1. Forget the sun when the weather is balmy. Comfortable tempera­tures and breezes may make you feel like staying out longer than you should.

2. Be fooled by the water. Sunlight penetrates water readily. Wet skin is more easily burned. An occasional dip feels good, but may encourage you to stay out too long. Swimming also washes off sunscreens.

3. Try to judge the amount of sun you have absorbed by how pink your skin is. This redness is due to dilated blood vessels. It fades quickly and has nothing to do with sun burning. People in sauna baths are pink, too.

4. Use grease or oils, unless you want to increase the effects of the sun.

5. Forget your sunscreen.

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